The Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS), on Wednesday 20 October, discussed the “Situation of Nicaragua”, in which the political climate of the country was addressed less than twenty days before the general vote of this country and without any vote. While it was approved and seven abstentions, with the support of 26 countries.
The Nicaraguan government announced the day before that it would not participate in this session, as its refusal to address “aspects that correspond only and exclusively to the decision of Nicaraguan citizens,” it said in a written statement. The law was confirmed at the start of the hearing on Wednesday.
The representative of Nicaragua read out a document with the position of rejecting the regime of Daniel Ortega at this meeting, in which he expressed, among other things, “not to discuss his sovereignty” and confirmed that the representative of Nicaragua would not participate in the meeting ..
Resolution on the “Situation of Nicaragua”
In session, Canada. The United States, Chile, Antigua and Barbuda, Costa Rica and Ecuador submitted a resolution entitled “The Status of Nicaragua” in which they renewed their call for the “immediate release of presidential candidates and political prisoners”.
They also expressed their “grave concern about the circumstances in which the attempts of the Permanent Council to compel the Government of Nicaragua to hold free and fair elections were ignored.”
They request to note “with concern the deteriorating situation of political and human rights in Nicaragua and the commitment of the Government of Nicaragua to undermine the electoral process”.
They also strongly urge the Government of Nicaragua to implement without delay the principles of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, as well as all internationally recognized standards, including agreed electoral reforms, with a view to holding free, fair and transparent elections as soon as possible under the oversight of the Organization of American States and other credible international monitoring .
The resolution calls for “other measures, if necessary, to be taken in accordance with the Charter of the Organization of American States and the Democratic Charter of American States, including the assessment of the November 7 elections during the 51st session of the General Assembly.”
The resolution was approved by 26 countries, no one opposed it, only Nicaragua attended and 7 countries abstained.
The countries that voted in favor are: Belize, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, United States, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, San Cristobal and Nevis, Saint Lucia , Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas.
The countries that abstained are: Barbados, Bolivia, Honduras, Mexico, Guatemala, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Argentina.
The draft order of the day for the regular session, which was held in virtual mode, placed the question of Nicaragua as a second item on the agenda.
Minute by minute of the session
9:33 a.m. Secretary-General of the Organization of American States, Luis Almagro, recalled Nicaragua’s commitments to the Democratic Charter, including holding free and fair elections, but said Nicaragua had decided the path of authoritarianism. Almagro said Nicaragua should hold free and fair elections and release political prisoners.
09:29 a.m. The US delegate asserts that the elections are rigged and calls for the release of political prisoners. And he warned that his country will continue to use all diplomatic tools to hold accountable those at the forefront of the country’s drift. The delegate said that the United States does not cite the Inter-American Democratic Charter, but the government of Nicaragua itself with its actions. He said that Nicaragua had made the Democratic Charter a “wet paper”:
09:25 am A delegate from Paraguay expresses support for the decision and states that eastern organizations lack further action.
09:13 AM A delegate from Uruguay has been very critical of countries saying that declaring themselves on the situation in Nicaragua is interference. He complains to those countries that if they do not consider the case of Sergio Ramirez, who is in exile because of the accusations against him inside that country.
09:10 a.m. A delegate from Argentina said he could not agree to this resolution because it would constitute interference in the internal affairs of any country.
09:07 AM Bolivia does not share the decision and calls the actions of the Organization of American States disastrous when they reported on the recent elections in that country.
09:05 a.m. A delegate from Suriname calls for the defense of all peaceful possibilities for resolving the crisis in Nicaragua.
09:00 am The Costa Rican delegation defends the adopted resolution and calls for respect for human rights, institutions and democracy in Nicaragua.
08:55 a.m. The representative of Canada is asking for the floor, to contextualize the political situation in Nicaragua and to demand free and fair elections.
08:54 AM. The delegation of Ecuador asks for the floor. 8:52 am Mexico has asked for the floor to express its concern about the isolation of Nicaragua and to say that this means the failure of the organization. He reiterated his desire for dialogue.
8:51 am 26 in favor, none against, 7 abstentions, one absent.
08:33 am Voting begins.
Barbados: abstain from voting
Bolivia: abstain from voting and reserves the right to justify it.
Brazil: in favor of
Colombia: in favor of
Costa Rica: support
Ecuador: in favor of
El Salvador: support
United States: in favor of
Granada: in favor of
Jamaica in favor of
Mexico: abstain from voting
Panama: in favor of
Dominican Republic: for
Saint Kitts and Nevis: supporter
Saint Lucia: supporter
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: abstain
Trinidad and Tobago: supporter
Uruguay: in favor of
Venezuela: in favor of
Antigua and Barbuda: supporter
Bahamas: well known
8:26 a.m. The Ambassador of Antigua and Barbuda asks for the floor. Robert Sanders rejected the allegations of the Nicaraguan delegation that this session violated that country’s sovereignty and reminded him that they had signed an agreement with this organization. He reiterated that the draft resolution is not a condemnation, but they are asking him to do the right thing.
8:23 a.m. The representative of Belize spoke in support of the decision.
At 8:20 a.m. Chile’s ambassador was the first to speak, introducing the draft resolution with the support of Canada, Antigua and Barbuda, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, the United States, Paraguay and Uruguay.
- Repeating its call for the immediate release of presidential candidates and political prisoners.
- Expresses its grave concern at the circumstances in which the attempts of the Permanent Council to compel the Government of Nicaragua to hold free and fair elections have been ignored.
- Noting with alarm the deterioration of the political and human rights situation in Nicaragua and the commitment of the Government of Nicaragua to undermine the electoral process.
- Strongly urge the Government of Nicaragua to implement without delay the principles of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, as well as all internationally recognized standards, including agreed electoral reforms, with a view to holding free, fair and transparent elections as soon as possible, under the oversight of the Organization of American States and other Trusted International Monitoring.
- Adopt, if necessary, other measures in accordance with the Charter of the Organization of American States and the Inter-American Democratic Charter, including the evaluation of the November 7 elections during the fifty-first session of the General Assembly.
08:15 am The Nicaraguan delegation intervened to prove the position of its rejection of the Daniel Ortega regime.
08:14 am Discussion begins on the topic “The situation in Nicaragua”