The President of the United States, Joe Biden, signed and issued this Wednesday, November 10, the Act to Strengthen Nicaragua’s Compliance with the Terms of Electoral Reform or the Renacer Act, which proposes to put more pressure on the regime of Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo, through individual sanctions against officials and the restriction of multiple bank loans the parties.
It takes exactly one week to sign the legislation That in a bipartisan manner, the US House of Representatives unequivocally approved by 387 votes, out of 432 lawmakers from the law, just three days after the controversial and contentious elections in Nicaragua that the White House classified as “gestural”. The passage of the Renacer Act, according to US officials, aligns with the Biden administration’s response to the electoral farce in which Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega completed his fourth re-election.
The Supreme Electoral Council, controlled by judges associated with Ortega, allocated 75.87 of the votes to the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) candidates, Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo, and re-elected them as President and Vice President of Nicaragua. This finding, in addition to being rejected by the US administration, awakened declarations of illegality from nearly 40 countries, including 27 from the European Union (EU).
The eight scopes included in the law
- 1. Coordinates US diplomacy and specific sanctions to promote democratic elections, including a review of key Nicaraguans who have removed prospects for free, fair, and transparent elections.
- 2. Requests the Executive to review Nicaragua’s continued participation in the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA).
- 3. Expand the supervision of loans from international financial institutions to Nicaragua and reaffirm the existing legal exemption for humanitarian projects.
- 4. Requires coordination of sanctions with Canada and the European Union.
- 5. Adding Nicaragua to the list of Central American countries subject to visa restrictions related to corruption.
- 6. Requires confidential reports on corruption committed by the government and the family of President Ortega, as well as on the activities of the Russian Government in Nicaragua.
- 7. Requires reporting of Russian military sales to Nicaragua and a review of potential sanctions under the Countering Enemies of the United States Through Sanctions Act (Caatsa).
- 8. Requires reporting of human rights violations committed by Nicaraguan security forces in rural and indigenous communities.
The way to become law
To become law, Project Renacer was first discussed and approved by the US Senate’s plenary session on August 6. Then it headed to the House of Representatives, where it was approved this Wednesday, and the final step would be to send it to President Joe Biden’s office for signature and entry into force.
On March 25, Senator and Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Bob Menendez, along with Marco Rubio (R-Florida), Tim Kaine (D-Va) and Chairman of the Western Affairs Subcommittee, as well as Democrats Dick Durbin, Ben. Cardin and Chris Murphy presented the draft Renacer Act before the US Senate.
On April 30, Congressman Albio Ceres, chair of the Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, Civil Security, Immigration, and International Economic Policy of the United States, along with Congressman Maria Elvira Salazar, were responsible for introducing the Renacer Act initiative by the North American Congress.
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On June 22, the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee, led by Senator Menendez, approved Bill Renacer with two new amendments, including a review of Nicaragua’s participation in the Central American Free Trade Agreement, the Dominican Republic and the United States.
On July 28, the US House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee approved Bill Renacer. The debate on the Renacer Bill was item number five on the agenda of the US House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee, which is identified with the number of human resources legislation. 2946.
On August 6, the US Senate passed the bill, and about a month later, on November 1, the Senate passed a new, revised version of the bill.
On November 3, the US House of Representatives approved the bill by 387 votes. With this, the approval of both houses of the US legislature was completed and then sent to Biden’s office.